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Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG)

Location

Melbourne Cricket Ground is the oldest stadium located in Yarra Park, Melbourne, in Victoria. The following stadium is the largest in the southern hemisphere. Whereas it is globally the 11th largest. However, according to its seating capacity, it is the second-largest cricket stadium. MCG is commonly known as the G.

The City Centre is within walking distance of the stadium. Richmond and Jolimont railway stations are casually used to reach there. Additionally, it adjoins Melbourne Park. In brief, it is part of the Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Precinct.

Features of the Melbourne Cricket Ground

The stadium was inaugurated in 1853, 170 years ago. Thus, it went through its first renovation in 1992. Then it was renovated again in 2006. In addition, it is expected to be renovated in 2032. The stadium has a capacity of 1000,024 spectators. Meanwhile, it has 109 executive suites. Moreover, the Melbourne Cricket Club operates it. Its surface is grassy. To add its’ field is 171×146 meters. Hence, it coordinates at 37°49°11.76°S and 144°59°0.38°E.

Features Summary

NameMelbourne Cricket Ground (MCG)
LocalityMelbourne, Victoria, Australia
Local nameThe G Ground
Foundation byMelbourne Cricket Club
Established1853
Volume 90,000
PitchGrass
FloodlightsPresent from 1985
End NamesGreat Southern Stand End, Members End
Home teams Australia, Victoria
TenantsMelbourne Stars (2011-present), Victoria Cricket Team (1851-present), Australian Cricket Team (1877-present)
Renovation1992, 2006
Conservator/CaretakerDavid Sandurski
Other SportsSoccer, rugby union, squash, Australian rules football 
Melbourne Cricket Ground features

Historical Events of Melbourne Cricket Ground

Early History of Melbourne Cricket Ground

Since its founding in 1838, MCG has held matches in a number of venues all throughout Melbourne. Due to floods and rail enlargement, the club relocated to numerous locations.

Meanwhile, the MCC management agreed on Richmond Park in 1853. The reason behind this was its flat, sufficient surface to play on. Yet the slope is considerably steep to avert flooding.

Furthermore, in 1861, a committee of governors was established. Thus granting the cricket club a certain amount of control. Over how the pitch would be used? Once, it was only used for cricket. Yet it eventually separated into areas for athletic events and houses.

Later Renovations’ History

The Melbourne Cricket Ground has a long history dating back to 1854. Since a timber members’ stand was constructed, It was thought to be the first grandstand. In addition, a makeshift amphitheater of 200 meters in length was also constructed. It seemed to be the first commercial grandstand. Thus, during the 1877 tour of James Lilly White’s English team, MCG hosted the first test match.

In 1881, place. an additional brick pavilion was erected in its stead.While the existing members’ stand was sold to Richmond Cricket Club for £55, The seating capacity had almost doubled to 20,000 by 1897. Later on, the southern stand was removed.

By 1897, the stadium’s seating capacity had nearly doubled to 20,000, and the Southern Stand was finished in 1937. The first full-color video scoreboard was installed in 1982. However, light towers were installed in 1985.

Cricket History at the Melbourne Cricket Ground

The inaugural cricket match was played on September 30, 1854. However, New South Wales and Victoria played their first intercolonial match here in March 1856. The Victorians came under fire for playing for money. Nevertheless, New South Wales was able to travel to Melbourne. 

Thus, the credit goes to Sydney barrister Richard Driver. He covered half of the team’s travel expenses.Moreover, Felix William Spers and Christopher Pond dispatched their liaison, W.B. Mallam, to England. In 1861. In order to make arrangements for the Australian team to visit England. Thus, there were more than 45,000 spectators who watched the game. 

However, Victoria XVIII came to visit Australia in 1862. In the following years, more English teams came to Australia. Hence, on Boxing Day in 1866, an Indigenous Australian cricket team played at the MCG.

First Test Match

James Lillywhite organized an Australian tour in 1877. Consequently, it selected an all-Australian squad to compete against New South Wales. But just four countries were represented on the roster. Additionally, some players chose not to play because of their illness. Subsequently, Australia defeated England by 45 runs in the first test. 

Later on, in Australia’s ten-wicket victory, Fred Spofforth scored his first hat trick in test cricket.The Melbourne Cricket Ground hosted major events.Formerly a significant test venue in Australia, Thus hosting the Summer Test Series since 1982. Every year, it hosts a one-day international match known as the Boxing Day Test.

However, the venue is used for limited-overs games. It included Sheffield Shield cricket and the Victorian first-class squad. Since 1996, MCG pitches have been replaced by drop-in pitches. It is regarded as the worst in Australia.

Stands of Melbourne Cricket Ground

MCG has been serving both cricket and Australian rules football matches. Played at the national and international level for almost 100 years. In fact, in the early 1990s, MCG was the main center for Olympic games too. Moreover, its capacity was near 90,000 in the 1980s and 1990s. After the refurbishment of this stadium, the volume increased to 125,000. MCG is a huge, majestic stadium. Thus, it contains many stands, including:

  • 3-tiered Great Southern Stand
  • Ponsford Stand
  • Olympic Stand
  • Members reserve a seat.

A gallery of sports is also present in the stadium, along with two big electronic scoreboards, enormous media facilities, and assembly space for corporates.

Melbourne Cricket Ground
Melbourne Cricket Ground

Pitch

MCG pitches are among the most combative surfaces in the world. That is an area of 22 yards. Additionally, it is beneficial for both batting and bowling. In the beginning, the pitch supported bowlers. Yet after some time, it worked out for the batters. Meanwhile, it’s quite challenging for the spin bowlers. Yet another interesting fact is that it has hosted drop-in pitches since 1996.

Restoration

Since its establishment in 1853, it has been refurbished several times. Accordingly, it had been large enough to secure seats for 90,000 spectators before the 1990s. Then the numerous renovations increased the volume to 125,000 spectators. Thus, the major renovation of Southern Stand was made in 1992. Meanwhile, the northern stand was rebuilt in 2006. Moreover, 2032 is the expected year for Shane Warne’s stand restoration.

International Information

First TestEngland vs. Australia1877
Last TestSouth Africa vs. Australia2022
First ODiEngland vs. Australia1971
Last ODIEngland vs. Australia2022
First T20IIndia vs. Australia2008
Last T20IPakistan vs. England2022
First Women’s TestEngland vs. Australia1935
Last Women’s TestEngland vs. Australia1949
First WODIEngland vs. Australia1988
Last WODIEngland vs. Australia2014
First WT20IEngland vs. Australia2008
Last WT20IIndia vs. Australia2020
International Information

Statistics

Test-Stats

Total Matches Played116
The first-batting team won.56
The first bowling team won.42
First-inning average score307
Second-inning average score313
Third-inning average score252
Fourth Inning Average Score171
Recorded Highest Total624/8
Recorded Lowest Total36/10
Test Stats

A total of 116 test matches were played there. However, among them, 56 were won by first-batting teams. On the contrary, 42 were won by the first bowling squads. Thus, the average score in the first inning was 307.

In addition, 313 was the average score in the second inning. Thirdly, the 252 runs were the average score in the 3rd inning. Lastly, 171 was the average score in the 4th inning. Furthermore, Australia made the highest total against Pakistan, i.e., 624/8. And yet South Africa could do the lowest, i.e., 36/10 against Australia.

One-Day International

Total Matches Played158
The first-batting team won.78
The first bowling team won.75
First-inning average score222
Second-inning average score194
Recorded Highest Total355/5
Recorded Lowest Total94/10
Highest chased score308/5
Lowest Defended Score169/6
ODI Stats

A total of 158 ODI matches were played in MCG. Of them, 78 were won by first-batting teams. However, the first bowling team won 75 matches. In addition, 222 runs were the average score in the first inning. However, 194 was the average score in the second inning. Furthermore, Australia made the highest total of 355/5 against England. Yet England made the lowest total of 94/10 against Australia.

In addition, England chased the highest score of 308/5 against Australia. While the Australian women’s team defended the lowest score of 169/6 against the England women’s team.

Melbourne Cricket Ground
Melbourne Cricket Ground

T-Twenty

Total Matches Played27
The first-batting team won.11
The first bowling team won.15
First-inning average score141
Second-inning average score124
Recorded Highest Total186/5
Recorded Lowest Total74/10
Highest chased score172/5
Lowest Defended Score127/10
T20I Stats

A total of 27 T20 matches were played there. Among them, 11 were won by the first batting team. However, 15 were won by the first bowling teams. In addition, 141 runs were the average score in the first inning. In contrast, 124 was the average score in the second inning. Yet India made the highest total here, which is 186/5 against Zimbabwe.

Although India also made the lowest total here against Australia, i.e., 74/10, Thus, Sri Lanka chased the highest score of 172/5 against Australia. Yet Australia defended the lowest total against Pakistan, i.e., 127/10.

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