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Eden Gardens Cricket Stadium, Kolkatta

The Eden Gardens Stadium, located in West Bengal, Kolkata, was constructed in 1864 and is the 3rd largest ground in the world and the 2nd largest in India. And this ground has a seating capacity of 68,000 fans.

Ground Information

LocationIndia, Kolkata West Bengal
Constructed159, year’s ago in 1864
Capacity68000 Current capacity Plan to expand (100000)
OwnerEaster Command of Indian Army
CuratorProbir Mukherjee
 Old NameAuckland Circus Garden
Home GroundKolkata Knight Riders KKR
End NamesPavilion End, High court End
Matches in important international tournaments, such as the World Cup,  Asia Cup, and T20 world cup have been held at Eden Gardens. The 2nd venue to hold a World Cup final was Eden Gardens in 1987.
The stadium hosted the ICC World Cup T20 final, in 2016 which saw the West Indies narrowly defeat England. 110,564 people attended the 1996 Sri Lanka vs India semi-final of the Cricket World Cup at this venue, which set a new attendance record.

History of Stadium In 1864, the Eden Garden Ground was built. Its name’s etymology is unclear. Some claim that the stadium was named later Eden’s sisters, Fanny, and Emily of Lord Auckland, the Governor-General of India (1836–1842). Eden Gardens is the name.

of the park where the stadium is located. The park’s original name was “Auckland Circus Gardens,” but in 1841 it was changed to “Eden Gardens.” Then the park was converted into a stadium

However, by popular belief, Babu Rajchandra Das, the zamindar (landowner) of Kolkata, gave as a gift Lord Auckland and his sister Emily Eden his largest gardens, Mar Bagan, close to the Hooghly River, as a thank-you for helping to save his 3rd daughter from a terminal illness. The Eden Gardens’ new name was given to the garden.

In the area between Fort William and Babughat, cricket grounds were constructed. The stadium is located in the city’s B. B. D. Bagh neighborhood close to the State Secretariat and on the other side of the Calcutta High Court.

The venue hosted its 1st Test match between India and England in 1934, its 1st ODI between Pakistan and India in 1987, and its 1st T20 between England and India in 2011. The 1st day/night game was the 1993 Hero Cup semi-final between South Africa and India.

Renovation of the Stadium in 1987

For the 1987 World Cup, the capacity of the ground was increased from 40,000 to 100,000. The pressure was also renovated as part of the enlargement. To support the enormous roofs and multi-layer covered stands, 42 new columns were erected. Even subsequently the refurbishment, of Stadium numerous part insufficient individual chairs, and not all seats were covered.

Redecoration in 2011

In preparation for the 2011 Cricket World Cup, Eden Gardens underwent renovated. To meet the requirements specified by the ICC (International Cricket Council) for the 2011 World Cup. For a two-year project to refurbish the stadium, the Cricket Association of Bengal contracted a group of Philadelphia-based Burt Hill Architects and Ahmedabad-based VMS architecture firms. A new clubhouse and players’ amenities, modifications to the outer walls to provide the stadium at a dashing glance, a new alloy dermis covering the old roof structure, new updated patron conveniences & signs, and common infrastructure.

renovations were all included in the plans for the reconstructed stadium. The refurbishment also resulted in the seating capacity being decreased from approximately 94,000 to about 68,000.

The ICC pulled England vs India match from this stadium due to dangerous conditions brought on by the unfinished repairs. This game was held at M. Chinnaswamy Stadium in Bengaluru on  27, February 2011.

On March 15, 18, and 20, 2011, the stadium served as the venue for the final three World Cup 2011 matches. The stadium had the fewest ticket buyers in its history (15 spectators) for the final of these three matches (Zimbabwe vs. Kenya).

Stand of Stadium

After illustrious local cricketers and soldiers, Eden Gardens stands have been named. On January 22, 2017, two stands honoring Indian cricketers Pankaj Roy and Sourav Ganguly as well as two other honoring cricket executives Jagmohan Dalmiya (BCCI President from 2001 to 2004, 2013–2015, and BN Dutt (BCCI President from 1988 to 1990) acting president). Dalmiya presided over the ICC from 1997 to 2000.

4 stands honoring Indian soldiers Havildar Hangpan Dada,  Colonel Neelakantan Jayachandran Nair, Subedar Joginder Singh Sahnan and Lieutenant Colonel Dhan Singh Thapa, were named on April 27, 2017. The greatest military honor bestowed upon individuals in India during times of war is the Param Vir Chakra, while the Ashok Chakra, bestowed during times of peace, is bestowed upon Subedar Singh and LC Thapa.

  • Saurav Ganguly
  • Pankaj Roy
  • BN Dutt
  • Jagmohan Dalmiya
  • Colonel Neelakantan Jayachandran Nair
  • Hangpan Dada
  • Lieutenant Colonel Jhang Singh Thapa
  • Joginder Singh Sahnan
  •  Ashok Chakra

Gates for these stands’ entrances range from 1 to 17..

2023 world Cup Schedule

08:30 GMT BAN vs NED, 28th Match
08:30 GMT BAN vs PAK, 31st Match
08:30 GMTRSA vs IND, 37th Match
08:30 GMTPAK vs ENG, 44th Match
08:30 GMTTBC vs TBC, second Semi-Final (2nd v 3rd)

International Information of Stadium

First Test5–8 January 1934:
   England vs India
Last Test22–24 November 2019:
 Bangladesh v India
First ODI18 February 1987:
 Pakistan v India
Last ODI12 January 2023:
 Sri Lanka v India
First T20I29 October 2011:
 England v India
Last T20I20 February 2022:
West Indies v India
First WODI1 January 1978:
 England v India
Last WODI9 December 2005:
 England v India
Only WT20I3 April 2016:
 West Indies v Australia

World Cup Matches

In both men’s and women’s cricket, India has organized 15 Cricket World Cup games at Eden Gardens Stadium . Six Cricket World Cup matches were held at Eden Gardens in 1987 (two), 1996 (one), and 2011 (three). During the 2016 ICC World Twenty20, the stadium played host to 5 T20I matches. In 1978 and 1997, the stadium played host to two Women’s Cricket World Cup games, as well as one Women T20I game during the 2016 ICC Women’s World Twenty20 competition.

Four finals—the 1987 ODI CWC, 2016 T20I, 1997 Women’s CWC, and 2016 Women’s T20I—as well as one semifinal (1996 ODI CWC) have been held at Eden Gardens.

Memorable Events

  • Syed Mushtaq Ali, who was in fine condition, was left off the Indian side chosen to compete in an unofficial test match opposite the Australian Services XI in 1946. The selectors reinstated him after a crowd chant of “No Mushtaq, No Test” prompted them.
  • During the West Indies and Australian tours in 1966–1967 and 1969–1970, there was rioting at the stadium.
  • The stadium hosted a football match between New York Cosmos and Mohun Bagan in 1977. In that game, Pelé represented the Cosmos. There was a 2-2 draw in the game.
  • The 1987 Cricket World Cup Final, the first ever to be held outside of England, was held at Eden Gardens. Australia defeated England by 7 runs to win the game. Australia first time declared as champion team of the Cricket World Cup.
  • Due to crowd disturbances brought on by India’s disastrous batting performance, the 1996 World Cup semi-final was cancelled, and Sri Lanka was given the victory.
  • After colliding with Pakistan’s Shoaib Akhtar in 1999, Indian batsman Sachin Tendulkar was run out. Following a commotion caused by Akhtar’s obstruction of Tendulkar, the police were forced to eject the spectators. In front of a stadium that was empty, the game went on.
  • In 1991 at the venue, Kapil Dev performed a hat-trick in an ODI against the Sri Lankans.
  • In the season 2000–01, Harbhajan Singh performed a hat-trick against Australia. He made history by accomplishing a hat-trick in a Test match as the first Indian ever.
  • When he bowled Sam Billings on January 22, 2017, Ravindra Jadeja became the first left-handed Indian spinner to reach 150 One Day International wickets.

Pitch Report

The Eden Garden Stadium pitch is renowned for hosting high-scoring matches, however in recent contests, the field’s curator changed the characteristics of the wicket to favor bowlers over batters. In the most recent game, neither team was able to score 150 runs. Dew is a significant factor in improving the conditions for batsmen in the second innings of the game.

Boundary Length

 The perimeter of this stadium is 76–78 metres long.


It consists of 64 metres on the High Court End side, 71 metres on Pavilion End, 69 metres onside, and 66 metres offside.

 IPL in Eden Garden Stadium

The IPL’s Kolkata Knight Riders are the home team of this stadium because it is located in Kolkata. The records for IPL at this location are listed below.

Total matches82
1st Match20 April 2008
1st Bat won 34
1st Bowl won51
KKR won47
Highest runs235/4
Lowest runs49
Average runs for 1st innings.176
Highest runs Individually  On 54 balls,112 runs by Rajat Patidar
Total (100)6


Test match

Let’s focus on the first games played at this enormous venue.

This stadium has hosted 42 test matches in all. 1934 saw the debut of the test series. It involved India and England.

Total matches42
Batting side won 12
 Bowling side won10
Average runs 1st innings.323
Average runs 2nd innings.314
Average runs 3rd innings.255
Average runs 4th inning.143
Highest runs657/7 (Ind vs Aus)
Lowest runs90/10 ( Ind vs WI)

1st  ODI

On this pitch, 34 ODIs have been played. In 1987, the bitter rivals India and Pakistan played the inaugural ODI.

Total matches34
Batting side won20
Bowling side won13
Average runs 1st innings.243
Average runs 2nd innings.204
Highest runs404/5(Ind vs SL)
Lowest runs63/10(ENG vs India)

1st T-20

In 2011, England and India played in the first T-20 International.

Total matches12
Batting side wom5
Bowling side eon7
Average runs 1st innings.155
Average runs 2nd innings.137
Highest runs201/5 (Bang v/s Pak)
Lowest runs70/10 (NZ v/s Bang)

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